What to do if you get monkeypox: Symptoms, vaccinations, and treatments – Fox News

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Over the past few months, monkeypox disease It has spread across the world leading government health agencies and hospitals to fear the worst as the world emerges from the Covid-19 pandemic.

Monkeypox is a rare infectious disease in the same virus family as smallpox and can be transmitted to humans and animals. The disease was first discovered in 1958 when two African colony monkeys began showing symptoms similar to those of smallpox. Despite its namesake, the exact source of this disease is unknown, and many non-human primates may infect people with the virus.

The virus is usually found in tropical environments in Central and West Africa where animals that carry the disease live. The global outbreak of the disease in 2022 has been linked to the return of international travel to countries where the disease is present.

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What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of monkeypox in humans include fever, swollen lymph nodes, and a rash that usually dries the skin, according to the World Health Organization. Individuals may experience mild symptoms but the ability to carry the virus without symptoms is unknown at this time. These symptoms usually last between two and four weeks from the initial exposure.

Monkeypox scourge on a woman's hand.

Monkeypox scourge on a woman’s hand.
(CDC/Getty Images)

The World Health Organization notes that signs of a rash usually begin within 24 to 72 hours after the fever begins and the lesions may fill with a clear or yellowish fluid. The rash is usually concentrated on the face, hands, and soles of the feet, but it can also spread to the genitals, eyes, and mouth.

Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?

Many of the vaccines used to treat smallpox add protection against monkeypox, and those vaccinated against smallpox may have some protection as well, according to the World Health Organization. Imvanaex is a vaccine developed for smallpox and approved in 2019 to help prevent monkeypox, but the drug is not available to most of the public.

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The World Health Organization notes that vaccines used to treat smallpox in 1980 are not available because it became the first disease to be completely eradicated. Health agencies are working to make new smallpox vaccines more widely available to the public.

What are the treatments?

Most monkeypox symptoms usually resolve on their own without the need for extensive treatment or medical care. However, the World Health Organization and the CDC recommend that you avoid scratching or touching sores in the mouth or eyes.

In severe cases, the World Health Organization recommends immune globulin (VIG) vaccine, an antiviral made to treat smallpox that was approved to treat monkeypox back in January. Patients should also stay hydrated and eat to maintain their nutritional status.

Cases of monkeypox may be more severe in children, pregnant women, or individuals with weakened immune systems.

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How many cases?

Since the start of the outbreak in 2022, Confirmed cases of monkeypox The total number of confirmed cases worldwide reached 4,106 in 47 different countries as of June 23, according to data compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Moreover, the number of cases in the United States is 173 in more than 20 states.

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