Italy and Norway set record temperatures in June during Europe’s heat wave – The Washington Post

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Scorching temperatures once again swept parts of Europe, with several locations in Italy among those setting records for June or all-time heat.

Temperatures topped 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) across most of Italy on Tuesday. Rome had the highest temperatures on record, while several other cities set monthly records. Record warm temperatures persisted all night across much of Eastern Europe. The heat comes during one of the country’s worst droughts in decades, and with authorities rationing water use.

The record temperatures were caused by desert air traveling from the African continent, which brought excess heat from Algeria to the Arctic Circle. Several other countries, including Finland and Iran, also saw new monthly temperature rises.

The heat wave is the latest in a series of unusual thermal events in the region this year and one of several tormenting the northern hemisphere right now – and it’s a sign of man-made climate change. Rising global temperatures have led to an increase in the frequency and severity of extreme temperatures in these regions since the 1950s. to me The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations.

Plunging into the jet stream – a high-level air channel – allowed intense heat to build up more northward than usual.

A powerful thermal dome installed over Eastern Europe with low pressure conspires over Western Europe to release intense heat from Africa and into the region. A region of high surface pressure from Italy to northwest Russia and Finland crushes clouds, allowing the sun near the solstice to sink in all its fury.

On the edge of the heat, severe weather hit Holland and Germany.

One person died and 10 others were injured in a cyclone that hit the coastal city of Zierikze, southwest of Rotterdam in the Netherlands. The tornado caused damage equal to a low-end tornado in the United States. Although the Netherlands averages several cyclones a year, this was The first to cause a death since 1992.

To the south and east from there, many reports of hail – Some are up to 3 inches wide – He came from Germany. Additional severe weather is expected across northern Italy and surrounding areas late Thursday as a cold front plunges the region.

Large area of ​​records

Record high temperatures were recorded from Tunisia to northern Norway on Monday and Tuesday. While the heart of the hot weather was in and around Italy, temperatures from 15 to 35 degrees above normal covered most of Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean and back to North Africa.

Rome’s temperature soared to 105 degrees, a record for the month of June and equal to the highest temperature on record. Out of town, temperatures as high 110 degrees were recorded at Tor Vergata.

else The record highs for the month of June were recorded Monday in Italy Tuscany included 107 degrees, Florence 106 degrees, Viterbo (the highest level ever) 105 degrees and Naples 100 degrees.

Drought has hit the northern region of the country, where the dry Po River affects agriculture, hydropower and drinking water supplies. Milan announced recently It will shut down all of its fountains, among other water-saving measures, due to the record drought. It is among more than 100 towns and cities that have no water restrictions.

Droughts and extreme heat events in the Mediterranean have been stronger in recent decades, which are attributed to increasing global temperatures. The Mediterranean surface temperature is above the pre-industrial figure by about 2.7° (1.5°C), corresponding to an increase in extreme heat phenomena.

a The study was released on Tuesday He found that the Mediterranean and North Africa are expected to see significant increases in the frequency of dry days. By 2065, dry days could make up more than 50 percent of the dry season in those regions if greenhouse gas emissions are not significantly curbed.

The United Nations Commission has concluded that extreme weather that harms the planet will be made worse by global warming

On the northern edge of the heatwave, Scandinavia hit record highs on Monday. Saltdal, Norway, hit 89, a record in June for that city. To the southeast, in Vihti Maasuga, Finland, the temperature reached 89°C in June.

Readings close to 121 degrees in Tunisiaa short distance from the June records.

Unprecedented June temperatures continued Tuesday across eastern Europe, western Russia and parts of Scandinavia. Sites on the Norwegian Arctic coast of the Barents Sea and Norwegian seas – such as Andoya and Perlavage – have broken records in June, and in some cases, ever, with altitudes in the 85-90 degree region.

The largest port city in Norway, Tromsø which is located north of the Arctic Circle, arrived at least 85 degrees, a record for June.

In Finland, coastal locations recorded unusually warm temperatures overnight, with Tuesday morning lows setting records over a wide swathe thanks to very warm waters in the Gulf of Finland as well as large lakes in the surrounding area. Porvoo Kalbadagrund, about 30 miles northeast of Helsinki, did not fall under 73 degrees, a record for the country in June.

One of several large heat waves worldwide

The undulating jet stream helped create large heat waves in many parts of the Northern Hemisphere. Between dips of the jet stream, relatively stable hot air bubbles can bake the landscape.

Japan is still in the midst of an unprecedented heat wave in June.

“263 record highs were set for June in six days,” meteorologist Sayaka Mori Books. “Tokyo had its highest levels in more than [95 degrees] For four consecutive days, the first time it has been recorded for the month of June.”

The hottest weather will likely be on its way to Japan. there some potential For the country experiencing the hottest day ever in the coming days.

Temperatures in Japan rose to 104 degrees Celsius for the first time in June amid a record heat wave

Temperatures in recent days have risen to record levels in parts of Middle Asia And the In Chinalike that. Iran is witness Tuesday is one of the hottest days in June. There was another area of ​​intense heat Pacific Northwest Bombing And the Neighboring Southeast Canadaas well as parts of Alaska, including Far north of Utqiagvik.

This is also on the heels of the historic June heat in Western Europeespecially Spain, France and Germany. Standard heat spark erupted Forest fires in Spain. Italy and neighboring countries were also hit by a heat wave in May.

The science of heat domes and how climate change is making them worse

India and Pakistan also saw record heat in March and April, which The researchers found It was 30 times more likely to happen due to climate change.

Research has shown Climate change is exacerbating the weather patterns responsible for these extreme and long-lasting thermal phenomena. Global warming is also making heat waves of the kind that pass from one generation to the next more common, possibly occurring as often as every few years in any one place.

Kasha Patel contributed to this report.

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